There are three types of explanations for this decline. The first of these emphasizes external factors, like the Mongol invasion in 1258 …
Part 2 of this series was about criticisms of the Great Replacement idea by people who tried to downplay the extent of the demographic changes happening in Europe.
Another group of people accepts the demographic reality of the “Great Replacement”. However, they welcome these changes instead of seeing them as a great tragedy.
This Part confronts the views of these people with reality.