Pride—and its opposites, shame and guilt—are emotions related to your personal identity but also to your identity as belonging to a group, a nation, a culture or an ethnicity. This series analyzes these feelings and their broader implications.
Beginning of the 19th century, during the “Finnish War” (1808-1809) between Sweden and Russia, Russia annexed Finland which became an autonomous “Grand Duchy” with the Russian Emperor as its ruler.
Around 1000 A.D. Scandinavia saw momentous changes: the previously Viking-ruled areas organized themselves into kingdoms—Denmark, Norway and Sweden—and embraced Roman Catholic Christianity as religion.
Across the Gulf of Bothnia, Finland stayed behind in these developments …